Varicose veins are the bulging and twisted veins usually see on legs and are a consequence of the body’s one-way valves in veins not working correctly. The veins’ itching and swelling are not only uncomfortable but also embarrassing while wearing shorts and skirts. It’s imperative you do something about it not merely for cosmetic reasons but also to prevent consequent uncontrolled bleeding from the veins and leg ulcers.
You can try some self-management therapies like regular exercise, losing weight, elevating legs and wearing compression stockings. As they offer short-term benefits, surgical and minimally invasive treatments involving sealing or removing the vein are better.
This was the only feasible Varicose Vein Removal option available for many years. It involves making an incision to locate the veins, and tying them off, removing or stripping off the veins closest to the skin surface. However, there’s a 50% chance of a recurrence after vein surgery, and the associated pain, scarring, infection, bleeding and deep vein thrombosis.
2. Minimally invasive varicose veins treatment
These procedures were developed to avoid the pain and other complications of surgery. They can be performed on an outpatient basis, with or without local anesthesia to numb the skin.
Direct vision Sclerotherapy
This is the standard Varicose Vein Removal option for treating spider veins and involves using a tiny needle to inject a scarring or sclerosing agent into the vein. This collapses the vein which eventually hardens and is gradually absorbed by the body.
This is a highly specialized safe and effective procedure that treats varicose veins hidden under the skin. It involves using ultrasound guidance to inject a sclerosant solution into the veins to collapse it. The veins dissolve and gradually disappear as the body absorbs them.
A catheter or thin tube is placed inside the vein which is closed off by the heat generated from a laser fiber or radiofrequency waves.
Endovenous laser ablation
This is the latest Varicose Vein Removal option where a laser fiber is placed in the vein through a tiny incision under the guidance of ultrasound. Local anesthesia numbs the vein, and the tissue is slowly removed upon activating the laser.
This triggers a reaction in the vein wall of the section to be treated which makes the vein collapse and it’s vein wall undergo sclerosis with minimal discomfort. The procedure has a 95-98% success rate with minimal complications.
This procedure involves making a small cut over the veins’ surface and then using a specialized tool to remove it. It’s usually performed along with endovenous ablation.
This is the latest option to treat varicose veins. A safe, medical glue called VenaSeal is used to physically shut down and seal the problematic vein, usually the thigh’s central saphenous vein. The vein hardens and is gradually absorbed by the body once it is glued shut, making this a very safe and minimally invasive procedure.
Remember varicose veins don’t heal on their own but require medical intervention to restore healthy blood circulation. It is your doctor who will decide on the ideal option to treat you based on the severity and condition of your vein.